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Concentration and distribution of polychlorinated biphenyls in rice paddy soils

Kim, Leesun, Jeon, Jin-Woo, Son, Ji-Young, Park, Min-Kyu, Kim, Chul-Su, Jeon, Hwang-Ju, Nam, Tae-Hoon, Kim, Kyeongnam, Park, Byung-Jun, Choi, Sung-Deuk, Lee, Sung-Eun
Han'guk Ŭngyong Saengmyŏng Hwahakhoe chi = 2017 v.60 no.2 pp. 191-196
aroclors, chemistry, cluster analysis, factories, mass spectrometry, paddies, paddy soils, risk, steel, toxicity, Korean Peninsula
To monitor and evaluate the risk of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) contamination in Pohang, Korea, the concentration and distribution of 29 PCBs in paddy soils were determined using high-resolution gas chromatography/high-resolution mass spectrometry. The overall concentrations of Σ₂₉ PCBs in the paddy soils of the areas close to the heavily industrial city of Pohang (268–1833 pg g⁻¹ dw) were higher than those in the paddies from Anseong (106.6–222.6 pg g⁻¹ dw) in Korea. In Pohang, the major contributors to the Σ₂₉ PCBs were the non-dioxin-like PCBs, including the PCBs 28, 52, 70, 101, 118, 138, 153, and 180, which correspond to 48–62% of the total PCBs. The toxic equivalency (TEQ) values obtained from the 12 dioxin-like PCBs from Pohang (0.03–1.03 pg TEQ g⁻¹ dw) showed that PCB 126 contributed the highest toxicity, possibly posing a risk to the living organisms. The results of both principal component and cluster analysis based on the PCB homologue patterns demonstrated that each sampling site showed a similar PCBs contamination pattern, and Aroclor 1254, which is likely used by small and big steel factories, was identified as a major source of PCB contamination in Pohang.