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Effects on heavy metal accumulation in freshwater fishes: species, tissues, and sizes

Jia, Yuyu, Wang, Lin, Qu, Zhipeng, Wang, Chaoyi, Yang, Zhaoguang
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.10 pp. 9379-9386
Carassius auratus, Tachysurus fulvidraco, analysis of variance, arsenic, atomic absorption spectrometry, cadmium, carnivores, copper, correlation, freshwater fish, gills, heavy metals, iron, lead, liver, manganese, metallothionein, muscles, omnivores, risk, rivers, tissues, toxic substances, toxicity, zinc, China
Three fish species (Carassius auratus, Pelteobagrus fulvidraco, and Squaliobarbus curriculus) were collected from Xiang River near Changsha City, Southern China. The concentrations of heavy metals including arsenic (As), cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), iron (Fe), manganese (Mn), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) in the muscle, gill, and liver of three species were determined by the inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry method. One-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) was introduced to determine the significant variations (p < 0.05) of heavy metals. Livers were found to accumulate Cd and Cu due to the metallothionein proteins. High levels of Mn and Pb in the gills indicated that the main uptake pathway of these heavy metals was from the water. The carnivorous species, P. fulvidraco, was found to accumulate the highest levels of toxic elements (As, Cd, and Pb), while relatively high concentrations of nutrient elements (Cu, Fe, Mn, and Zn) were accumulated in omnivorous species (C. auratus and S. curriculus). According to the results of Pearson’s correlation analysis, there were few significant relationships at p < 0.01 level between the concentrations of the analyzed elements and the fish sizes. The results of risk assessment indicated that exposure to the toxic heavy metals from fish muscle consumption posed no non-carcinogenic health risk to local inhabitants.