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Response to selection for improved nitrogen fixation in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

Farid, Mehdi, Earl, HughJ., Pauls, K.Peter, Navabi, Alireza
Euphytica 2017 v.213 no.4 pp. 99
Phaseolus vulgaris, Rhizobium leguminosarum, beans, cropping systems, genetic variation, genotype, growing season, heritability, inbred lines, nitrogen, nitrogen fertilizers, nitrogen fixation, phenotypic correlation, plant breeding, seed yield, Ontario
Breeding for high symbiotic nitrogen (N) fixation (SNF) in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) is expected to contribute to reduced application of chemical fertilizers in cropping systems involving common bean. The magnitude of variation and the genetic and phenotypic correlation among seed yield, SNF, estimated as the percentage of nitrogen derived from atmosphere, and related traits were studied in a population of 140 F₄-derived F₅ recombinant inbred lines, developed from a cross between low- and high-SNF bean genotypes ‘Sanilac’ and ‘Mist’, respectively. The experiment was conducted in a total of five location-years in Ontario, Canada, from 2011 to 2013. These location-years were grouped into stress- and optimum moisture test sites, based on the total precipitation during the growing season. In each test site two nitrogen supply management strategies, SNF-dependent and N fertilizer-dependent, were simulated separately in the field by inoculating the seed with a commercial Rhizobium leguminosarum bv. phaseoli and by application of N fertilizers at 100 kg ha⁻¹, respectively. The genetic variation was significant for seed yield, SNF and related traits. The heritability of the traits ranged from 14 to 71% and 4 to 25% in optimum moisture and in stress environments, respectively. No significant correlation between SNF and seed yield indicated that selection for high SNF does not necessarily lead to greater seed yield and that selection for both traits should be performed simultaneously.