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Ability of Rf5 and Rf6 to Restore Fertility of Chinsurah Boro II-type Cytoplasmic Male Sterile Oryza Sativa (ssp. Japonica) Lines

Zhang, Honggen, Che, Jianlan, Ge, Yongshen, Pei, Yan, Zhang, Lijia, Liu, Qiaoquan, Gu, Minghong, Tang, Shuzhu
Rice 2017 v.10 no.1 pp. 2
Oryza sativa, breeding, chromosome mapping, chromosomes, cytoplasmic male sterility, genes, genetic variation, heat stress, heterosis, hybrids, restorer lines, seed set, substitution lines
BACKGROUND: Three-line Oryza sativa (ssp. japonica) hybrids have been developed mainly using Chinsurah Boro II (BT)-type cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS). The Rf1 gene restores the fertility of BT-type CMS lines, and is the only fertility restorer gene (Rf) that has been used to produce three-line japonica hybrids. Using more Rf genes to breed BT-type restorer lines may broaden the genetic diversity of the restorer lines, and represents a viable approach to improve the heterosis level of BT-type japonica hybrids. RESULTS: We identified two major Rf genes from ‘93-11’ that are involved in restoring the fertility of BT-type CMS plants. These genes were identified from resequenced chromosome segment substitution lines derived from a cross between the japonica variety ‘Nipponbare’ and the indica variety ‘93-11’. Molecular mapping results revealed that these genes were Rf5 and Rf6, which are the Rf genes that restore fertility to Honglian-type CMS lines. The BT-type F₁ hybrids with either Rf5 or Rf6 exhibited normal seed setting rates, but F₁ plants carrying Rf6 showed more stable seed setting rates than those of plants carrying Rf5 under heat-stress conditions. Furthermore, the seed setting rates of F₁ hybrids carrying both Rf5 and Rf6 were more stable than that of F₁ plants carrying only one Rf gene. CONCLUSION: Rf6 is an important genetic resource for the breeding of BT-type japonica restorer lines. Our findings may be useful for breeders interested in developing BT-type japonica hybrids.