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Adsorption studies of cadmium ions on alginate–calcium carbonate composite beads

Mahmood, Zahid, Amin, Athar, Zafar, Uzma, Raza, Muhammad Amir, Hafeez, Irfan, Akram, Adnan
Appl Water Sci 2017 v.7 no.2 pp. 915-921
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, adsorbents, adsorption, agitation, alginates, ambient temperature, cadmium, calcium carbonate, composite materials, endothermy, ions, pH, scanning electron microscopes, scanning electron microscopy, sorption isotherms, thermodynamics, wastewater
Alginate–calcium carbonate composite material was prepared in the form of beads and characterized using Fourier transform infra red (FT-IR) spectroscopy and scanning electron microscope (SEM) techniques. The adsorption of Cd²⁺ ions was studied through batch experiments. The adsorption parameters such as contact time (120 min), adsorbent dose (1.5 g), initial metal ion concentration(10 mg/L), pH (6) and agitation speed (150 rpm) were optimized at room temperature. Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms were applied to the data and it was noted that the adsorption of Cd²⁺ ions is better explained by Freundlich model. The kinetic studies showed that the adsorption of Cd²⁺ ions followed pseudo-first order kinetics. Thermodynamic parameters like ∆G ⁰, ∆H ⁰ and ∆S ⁰ were calculated and on the basis of these values it was established that the adsorption process is feasible and endothermic in nature. It was concluded from the study that the composite material of alginate and calcium carbonate can effectively be used to recover Cd²⁺ ions from wastewater.