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Epidemiological investigation of Mycoplasma Synoviae in native chicken breeds in China

Sun, Shi-Kai, Lin, Xin, Chen, Feng, Wang, Ding-Ai, Lu, Jun-Peng, Qin, Jian-Ping, Luo, Ting-Rong
BMC veterinary research 2017 v.13 no.1 pp. 115
Mycoplasma synoviae, antibodies, broiler chickens, chicken breeds, control methods, epidemiological studies, financial economics, flocks, progeny, China
BACKGROUD: Mycoplasma synoviae (M. synoviae) is widely distributed around the world, and leads to serious economic losses in the world every year. Nevertheless, the incidence and epidemiology of M. synoviae infection in China have remained unclear. RESULTS: In this study we demonstrate that over 9773 broiler chicken flocks in 16 Chinese provinces were affected by M. synoviae between 2010 and 2015. Our epidemiological study revealed that M. synoviae was widely prevalent in multi-aged Chinese native breeder chickens, and the prevalence of M. synoviae in embryos of breeders reached up to 16.29%. In addition, our data showed that chickens aged 14 days or younger carried simultaneously high levels of maternal antibody against M. synoviae and high M. synoviae infection (10%), and low M. synoviae antibody levels in breeders and high proportion of M. synoviae infection in embryos could increase the chances of incidence in the offspring. Finally, our results also indicated that 3- to 7-week-old chickens might be most the susceptible to M. synoviae and, therefore, might play a key role in the horizontal transmission of M. synoviae. CONCLUSION: Our findings suggest that M. synoviae is widely circulating in Chinese native chickens, accordingly, effective control measures are urgently needed to control the spread.