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Atmospheric deposition of organochlorine pesticides by precipitation in a coastal area

Cindoruk, S. Sıddık, Ozturk, Erman
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.24 pp. 24504-24513
DDT (pesticide), aldehydes, coasts, dry deposition, endosulfan, endrin, gases, methoxychlor, monitoring, rain, wet deposition, Turkey (country)
Wet deposition fluxes of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) were determined for rain samples collected in a coastal area of Turkey. Seventeen precipitation samples were collected over a 1-year period from 2008 to 2009. Rainwater was accumulated at the beginning of rain events using real time monitoring. Atmospheric concentrations were also measured in parallel with deposition samples. Both atmospheric concentrations and deposition fluxes were determined as particle and gas phases. The particle phase and dissolved phase deposition fluxes were 794.26 ± 756.70 ngm⁻² day⁻¹ and 800.77 ± 672.63 ngm⁻² day⁻¹, respectively. The washout ratios for OCP compounds were calculated separately for the particle and dissolved phases using the atmospheric concentrations and rain concentrations. The minimum washout ratio for the particle phase was 2339.47 for Endrin aldehyde, whereas the maximum washout ratio was 497593.34 for Methoxychlor. The maximum washout ratio for the dissolved phase was 247523.89 for Endosulfan beta, whereas the minimum washout ratio was 10169.69 for p,p′-DDT. The dry deposition velocities ranged from 0.01 to 1.67 cms⁻¹. The partitioning of wet deposition between the particle and dissolved phases was 50 % in terms of total OCP deposition.