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Antioxidative response of olive to air emissions from tire burning under various zinc nutritional treatments

Hatami, Ashkan, Khoshgoftarmanesh, Amir Hossein
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.24 pp. 24922-24931
Olea europaea, air, air pollution, antioxidants, ascorbate peroxidase, cultivars, diet therapy, emissions, leaves, malondialdehyde, nutrition, olives, oxidative stress, prescribed burning, seedlings, tires, wastes, zinc, zinc sulfate
Uniform 2-year old seedlings of a commercial olive cultivar (Olea europaea L., cv. Mahzam) were exposed or unexposed to the air pollution from the controlled burning of waste tires. The plants were supplied with zinc sulfate (ZnSO₄) or synthesized Zn(Glycine)₂ (Zn-Gly) or unsupplied with Zn. Exposure to air pollution resulted in oxidative damage to the olive, as indicated by the higher production of malondialdehyde (MDA). Supplement with Zn partly alleviated oxidative damage induced by the air emissions on the olive. Leaf concentration of MDA was higher at the active period of tire burning than that of the inactive one. Exposure to the emissions from tire burning significantly increased leaf ascorbate peroxidase (APX) activity. Supplement with Zn increased APX activity in plants exposed to the air pollution. According to the results, Zn nutrition was effective in alleviating oxidative stress induced by air pollution on the olive. APX seemed to play a significant role in alleviating oxidative damages induced by air emissions from tire burning on the olive; however, the role of other antioxidant enzymes should be addressed in future studies.