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Measurement of p-nitrophenyl acetate esterase activity (EA), total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant status (TOS) and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in gills and digestive gland of Mytilus galloprovincialis exposed to binary mixtures of Pb, Cd and Cu

Franco-Martinez, Lorena, Romero, Diego, García-Navarro, José A., Tecles, Fernando, Teles, Mariana, Tvarijonaviciute, Asta
Environmental science and pollution research international 2016 v.23 no.24 pp. 25385-25392
Mytilus galloprovincialis, acetates, acetylcholinesterase, antioxidant activity, biomarkers, cadmium, copper, gills, heavy metals, lead, mussels, oxidants, oxidative stress, tissues, toxicity
The aims of the present work were (1) to evaluate oxidative stress biomarkers and AChE in two tissues of wild mussel (Mytilus galloprovincialis) of high biochemical activity and accumulation capacity (gills and digestive gland) and (2) to study the behaviour of these biomarkers in presence of heavy metals. For this, EA, TOS, TAC and AChE were measured in tissues of mussels exposed to binary combination of Pb, Cd and Cu. Mussels (n = 36) were exposed to one of the binary mixtures of Pb (1000 μg L⁻¹), Cd (100 μg L⁻¹) and Cu (100 μg L⁻¹) for 7 days, under controlled conditions. Gills and digestive gland were extracted and frozen at −80 °C until analysis. The automatic methods employed for the measurement of EA, TAC, TOS and AChE in M. galloprovincialis revealed higher levels of these biomarkers in digestive gland than gills. Study results suggest that gills would be the tissue of election for study oxidative stress markers, whereas digestive tissue should be selected for AChE measurements in case of evaluation of combined metal toxicity in mussels.