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Cercosporiosis resistance in coffee germplasm collection

Deila M. dos S. Botelho, Mário L. V. de Resende, Vinícius T. Andrade, Antônio A. Pereira, Flavia R. A. Patricio, Pedro M. R. Junior, Claudio Ogoshi, Juliana C. de Rezende
Euphytica 2017 v.213 no.6 pp. 117
Cercospora, Coffea arabica, cultivars, disease resistance, fungal brown spot, genetic improvement, genetic resistance, genetic variation, genotype, germplasm, greenhouse experimentation, hybrids, plant breeding, plant genetic resources, seedlings, trees, Brazil
Cercosporiosis, or brown eye spot, is currently one of the main diseases of the coffee tree. It is caused by Cercospora coffeicola Berk. & Cooke. Nevertheless, genetic resistance to this disease has not yet been explored in any depth. Our objectives (a) were evaluate the response of 124 accessions from the germplasm collection of the Minas Gerais State (GC), Brazil, and eight commercial cultivars of C. arabica to cercosporiosis and (b) determine the best way to perform early progenies selections via controlled greenhouse experiments. Three controlled greenhouse experiments (1–3) were run in different seasons to determine the best way to proceed the selection. The seedlings were inoculated with a four isolates mixture obtained from different regions. The experimental data were analyzed individually (1–3), in a joint analysis, and as repetitions of a randomized complete block design. In each analysis we estimated genetic parameters and E-BLUP (empirical best linear unbiased predictor) genotypic values of the access. There was genetic variability to C. coffeicola resistance among the coffee tree accessions germplasm collection. Therefore, genetic improvements could be obtained by selection. Experimental repetitions in different seasons increase the selection efficiency and reliability of resistant genotypes with low cercosporiosis severity. The genotype Sarchimor MG 8840 showed the highest resistance level followed by Guatenano and the Timor Hybrid UFV 377-34, Timor Hybrid UFV 376-14 BE 5, and Wush–Wush × Timor Hybrid UFV 366-08.