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CreA is directly involved in pullulan biosynthesis and regulation of Aureobasidium melanogenum P16

Wang, Qin-Qing, Lu, Yi, Ren, Zi-Yan, Chi, Zhe, Liu, Guang-Lei, Chi, Zhen-Ming
Current genetics 2017 v.63 no.3 pp. 471-485
Aureobasidium, alpha-amylase, biosynthesis, exopolysaccharides, fermentation, genes, genetic engineering, glucan 1,4-alpha-glucosidase, glucose, glucose transporters, glucosyltransferases, pullulan, pullulanase, transcription (genetics), yeasts
Aureobasidium melanogenum P16 is a high pullulan-producing yeast. However, glucose repression on its pullulan biosynthesis must be relieved. After the gene encoding a glucose repressor was cloned, characterized and analyzed, it was found that the repressor belonged to one member of the CreA in filamentous fungi, not to one member of the Mig1 in yeasts. After the CREA gene was fully removed from the yeast strain P16, the glucose repression in the disruptant DG41 was relieved. At the same time, the pullulan production by the disruptant DG41 was enhanced compared to that by its wild-type strain P16, and the transcriptional levels of the gene encoding a glucosyltransferase, three genes encoding glucose transporters, the gene encoding a 6-P-glucose kinase and the genes encoding α-amylase, glucoamylase and pullulanase in the disruptant DG41 were also promoted. However, the transcriptional levels of the genes encoding the CreA and another two glucose transporters were greatly reduced. During the 10-liter fermentation, the disruptant DG41 produced 64.93 ± 1.33 g/l pullulan from 120 g/l of glucose, while its wild-type strain P16 produced only 52.0 ± 1.95 g/l pullulan within 132 h. After the CREA gene was complemented in the disruptant D373, the pullulan production by the transformant BC4 was greatly reduced compared to that by its wild-type strain P16, and the transcriptional levels of the many genes in the transformant BC4 were also decreased. All the results confirmed that the CreA played an important role in the regulation of pullulan biosynthesis in A. melanogenum P16, and that glucose derepression on pullulan biosynthesis could improve pullulan production from glucose. This study opened the possibility for improving the industrial production of this exopolysaccharide by genetic engineering.