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Development of V chromosome alterations and physical mapping of molecular markers specific to Dasypyrum villosum

Zhang, Ruiqi, Yao, Ruonan, Sun, Dafei, Sun, Bingxiao, Feng, Yigao, Zhang, Wei, Zhang, Mingyi
Molecular breeding 2017 v.37 no.5 pp. 67
Dasypyrum villosum, Triticum, breeding, chromosome mapping, chromosome translocation, expressed sequence tags, fluorescence in situ hybridization, genetic markers, genome, irradiation, linkage groups, loci, microsatellite repeats, nullisomics, pollen, progeny, wheat
Wheat-Dasypyrum villosum translocations were induced in the progeny of the amphiploid Triticum durum-D. villosum (AABBVV) by pollen irradiation. The rearranged V genome chromosomes were characterized by genomic/fluorescence in situ hybridization (GISH/FISH) and molecular markers. Twenty wheat-D. villosum translocation chromosomes were selected, including four centric, seven large segments, and nine small segments in a Chinese Spring (CS) background. The four centric translocations were subsequently identified by GISH/FISH and by molecular markers specific to chromosome arms of the Triticeae linkage groups. They were T5DL.4VL, T4BL.7VS, and T4BS.7VL as well as the compensating translocation T7AL.7VS. Using a combination of previously developed V chromosome alterations, 52 translocations or deletions that divided V chromosomes into 42 bins were employed for deletion mapping of molecular markers specific to D. villosum in a wheat background. Ninety-five expressed sequence tag (EST)-sequence-tagged site (STS) and seven SSR markers that were previously reported, as well as 72 STS markers screened in the present study, were physically allocated into 37 of 42 chromosome bins of D. villosum. Multiple loci of EST-STS markers were also mapped using CS nullisomic tetrasomic (NT) and ditelosomic (DT) genetic stocks. Most EST-STS homoeoloci were located on homoeologous chromosomes, suggesting a high degree of homology between the genomes of D. villosum and wheat. Four 4VL-specific markers detected homoeoloci on group 7 chromosomes of wheat, indicating that chromosome 4V of D. villosum shows some affinity to both wheat homoeologous groups 4 and 7. This is the first physical map of D. villosum, which will provide insight into the V genome for molecular breeding.