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Changes in anthocyanidin levels during the maturation of color-fleshed potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) tubers

Šulc, Miloslav, Kotíková, Zora, Paznocht, Luboš, Pivec, Vladimír, Hamouz, Karel, Lachman, Jaromír
Food chemistry 2017 v.237 pp. 981-988
Solanum tuberosum, cultivars, cyanidin, delphinidin, malvidin, pelargonidin, petunidin, phytopharmaceuticals, potatoes, rain, solar radiation, temperature, tubers
Certain potato cultivars are capable of producing anthocyanin pigments in the potato skin and flesh and those pigments have been shown, together with other phytochemicals, to promote good health. Six common anthocyanidins (cyanidin, delphinidin, petunidin, pelargonidin, malvidin and peonidin) were analyzed weekly for 15weeks in red- and purple-fleshed potato cultivars (Red Emma, Königspurpur, Valfi and Blaue de la Mancha) grown in field conditions using a validated LC-(+ESI)MS/MS method. Pelargonidin was the major type detected in red-fleshed cultivars whereas petunidin was the major type detected in the purple ones. Neither cyanidin nor delphinidin were found in any of the cultivars. The anthocyanidin levels observed were as high as 78mg/100g FW during tuber growth; however, fully matured tubers contained only 10–39mg anthocyanidins/100gFW. Anthocyanidin levels were moderately correlated with global solar irradiation (r<0.6252) but not with rainfall or daily temperature.