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State of the art review of biofuels production from lignocellulose by thermophilic bacteria

Jiang, Yujia, Xin, Fengxue, Lu, Jiasheng, Dong, Weiliang, Zhang, Wenming, Zhang, Min, Wu, Hao, Ma, Jiangfeng, Jiang, Min
Bioresource technology 2017 v.245 pp. 1498-1506
Clostridium, biochemical pathways, biofuels, bioprocessing, butanol, cost effectiveness, ethanol, fermentation, fuel production, humans, lignocellulose, temperature, thermophilic bacteria, yeasts
Biofuels, including ethanol and butanol, are mainly produced by mesophilic solventogenic yeasts and Clostridium species. However, these microorganisms cannot directly utilize lignocellulosic materials, which are abundant, renewable and non-compete with human demand. More recently, thermophilic bacteria show great potential for biofuels production, which could efficiently degrade lignocellulose through the cost effective consolidated bioprocessing. Especially, it could avoid contamination in the whole process owing to its relatively high fermentation temperature. However, wild types thermophiles generally produce low levels of biofuels, hindering their large scale production. This review comprehensively summarizes the state of the art development of biofuels production by reported thermophilic microorganisms, and also concludes strategies to improve biofuels production including the metabolic pathways construction, co-culturing systems and biofuels tolerance. In addition, strategies to further improve butanol production are proposed.