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Current status in biotechnological production and applications of glycolipid biosurfactants
- Paulino, Bruno Nicolau, Pessôa, Marina Gabriel, Mano, Mario Cezar Rodrigues, Molina, Gustavo, Neri-Numa, Iramaia Angélica, Pastore, Glaucia Maria
- Applied microbiology and biotechnology 2016 v.100 no.24 pp. 10265-10293
- biodegradability, biosurfactants, emulsifying properties, industrial applications, microorganisms, rhamnolipids, sophorolipids, toxicity, trehalose
- Biosurfactants are natural compounds with surface activity and emulsifying properties produced by several types of microorganisms and have been considered an interesting alternative to synthetic surfactants. Glycolipids are promising biosurfactants, due to low toxicity, biodegradability, and chemical stability in different conditions and also because they have many biological activities, allowing wide applications in different fields. In this review, we addressed general information about families of glycolipids, rhamnolipids, sophorolipids, mannosylerythritol lipids, and trehalose lipids, describing their chemical and surface characteristics, recent studies using alternative substrates, and new strategies to improve of production, beyond their specificities. We focus in providing recent developments and trends in biotechnological process and medical and industrial applications.