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Sublethal effects of imidacloprid on the predatory seven-spot ladybird beetle Coccinella septempunctata

Xiao, Da, Zhao, Jing, Guo, Xiaojun, Chen, Hongying, Qu, Mengmeng, Zhai, Weigang, Desneux, Nicolas, Biondi, Antonio, Zhang, Fan, Wang, Su
Ecotoxicology 2016 v.25 no.10 pp. 1782-1793
Aphidoidea, Coccinella septempunctata, adults, adverse effects, fecundity, greenhouses, imidacloprid, integrated pest management, juveniles, longevity, natural enemies, nontarget organisms, oviposition, progeny, sublethal effects, China
The seven-spot ladybird beetle, Coccinella septempunctata, is a major natural enemy of aphids in the field and in greenhouses in China and is part of integrated pest management (IPM). Imidacloprid, a highly efficient insecticide that not only kills aphids at lethal concentrations, but also can cause various sublethal effects in nontarget organisms. To strengthen IPM and its sustainability, it is important assessing possible side effects on natural enemies. When the effects of sublethal concentrations (LC5 and 10%LC5) of imidacloprid on C. septempunctata were evaluated, the adult longevity was shortened by 23.97 and 28.68 %, and the fecundity reduced by 52.81 and 56.09 % compared to control population. In the F₁ generation (i.e., the progeny of the exposed individuals), the juvenile development was slower by 1.44 days and 0.66 days, and the oviposition period was shortened by 10 and 13 days, respectively. The fecundity of the F₁ generation decreased by 17.88, 44.03 and 51.69 % when exposed to 1%LC5, 10%LC5, and LC5, respectively. The results of demographical growth estimates showed that the intrinsic rate of increase (r ₘ) and net reproductive rate (R ₀) were lower in C. septempunctata populations that had been exposed to sublethal concentrations of imidacloprid. The results emphasize the importance of assessing side effects of low imidacloprid concentrations on such predator species, even at the transgenerational level.