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Fractionation of Poly(Methacrylic Acid) and Poly(Vinyl Pyridine) in Aqueous and Organic Mobile Phases by Multidetector Thermal Field-Flow Fractionation A

Greyling, Guilaume, Pasch, Harald
Journal of chromatography 2017
aqueous solutions, chromatography, electrolytes, fractionation, hydrophilic polymers, ionic strength, microstructure, pyridines, solvents
Multidetector thermal field-flow fractionation (ThFFF) is shown to be a versatile characterisation platform that can be used to characterise hydrophilic polymers in a variety of organic and aqueous solutions with various ionic strengths. It is demonstrated that ThFFF fractionates isotactic and syndiotactic poly(methacrylic acid) (PMAA) as well as poly(2-vinyl pyridine) (P2VP) and poly(4-vinyl pyridine) (P4VP) according to microstructure in organic solvents and that the ionic strength of the mobile phase has no influence on the retention behaviour of the polymers. With regard to aqueous solutions, it is shown that, despite the weak retention, isotactic and syndiotactic PMAA show different retention behaviours which can qualitatively be attributed to microstructure. Additionally, it is shown that the ionic strength of the mobile phase has a significant influence on the thermal diffusion of polyelectrolytes in aqueous solutions and that the addition of an electrolyte is essential to achieve a microstructure-based separation of P2VP and P4VP in aqueous solutions.