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Cannibalism in juvenile black rockfish, Sebastes schlegelii (Hilgendorf, 1880), reared under controlled conditions

Xi, Dan, Zhang, Xiumei, Lü, Hongjian, Zhang, Zhixin
Aquaculture 2017 v.479 pp. 682-689
Sebastes melanops, Sebastes schlegelii, cannibalism, fish, juveniles, laboratory experimentation, light intensity, rearing, starvation
Laboratory experiments were conducted to determine the influences of size difference, fish density, shelter density, starvation time and light intensity on cannibalism among the fry of black rockfish, Sebastes schlegelii. Cannibalism of black rockfish did not occur at any level of other factors without sufficient size difference. Cannibalism rate did not exceed 0.45 when size difference was <25mm. Starvation seemed to be a primary stimulus for cannibals to practice cannibalism. Cannibalism rate increased significantly after cannibals were starved for 12h. Also, shelter density and light intensity significantly influenced cannibalism. A higher shelter density of (8 per tank) or a suitable light intensity (0.2Klux) reduced the occurrence of this behavior significantly. In addition, interactive effects between size difference and shelter density, size difference and starvation time, starvation time and shelter density, starvation time and light intensity were confirmed on cannibalism rate. However, fish density (of prey) appeared to have no significant influence on the rate of cannibalism. Based on these results, response curves and surface contour plots were developed to predict the occurrence of cannibalism, and some prevention measures were suggested in black rockfish culture.