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Nitrogen deposition has minor effect on soil extracellular enzyme activities in six Chinese forests

Author:
Jing, Xin, Chen, Xiao, Tang, Mao, Ding, Zongju, Jiang, Lai, Li, Peng, Ma, Suhui, Tian, Di, Xu, Longchao, Zhu, Jianxiao, Ji, Chengjun, Shen, Haihua, Zheng, Chengyang, Fang, Jingyun, Zhu, Biao
Source:
The Science of the total environment 2017 v.607-608 pp. 806-815
ISSN:
0048-9697
Subject:
acid phosphatase, carbon, ecological function, enzyme activity, forest ecosystems, forests, nitrogen, soil depth, soil enzymes, soil sampling, China
Abstract:
Soil extracellular enzymes play a key role in mediating a range of forest ecosystem functions (i.e., carbon and nutrients cycling and biological productivity), particularly in the face of atmospheric N deposition that has been increasing at an unprecedented rate globally. However, most studies have focused only on surface soils in a single ecosystem. In this study, we aimed to determine whether the effect of simulated N deposition on the activities and ratios of soil enzymes changes with soil depth across six forest ecosystems in eastern China. We collected soil samples from three blocks×four soil depths (0–10cm, 10–20cm, 20–40cm and 40–60cm)×three N treatment levels (control, 50 and 100kgNha⁻¹year⁻¹) at each of the six forest ecosystems. We measured the activities of seven soil enzymes involved in C-, N- and P-cycling. We found that 4–5years of N addition had no significant effect on the activities and ratios of these enzymes in most cases. The interactions among N addition, site and soil depth on soil enzyme activities were not significant, except that acid phosphatase activity showed site-specific responses to N addition. Our findings suggest that the activities of soil enzymes involved in C- and N-cycling generally do not track simulated N deposition in the six forest ecosystems. Further work on plant, soil and microbial characteristics is needed to better understand the mechanisms of soil enzyme activities in response to N deposition in forest ecosystems.
Agid:
5733623