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Chemical crosslinking improves the gastrointestinal stability and enhances nutrient delivery potentials of egg yolk LDL/polysaccharide nanogels

Zhou, Mingyong, Khen, Keiona, Wang, Taoran, Hu, Qiaobin, Xue, Jingyi, Luo, Yangchao
Food chemistry 2018 v.239 pp. 840-847
Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, crosslinking, curcumin, egg yolk, encapsulation, fluorescence emission spectroscopy, gastrointestinal system, low density lipoprotein, nanoparticles, particle size, polysaccharides, spray drying
Egg yolk low density lipoprotein (LDL)/polysaccharide nanogels are newly explored as oral delivery systems with promising encapsulation potentials. Nonetheless, the stability of nanogels against aggregation in gastrointestinal tract remains a challenge. Therefore, chemical crosslinking by 1-ethyl-3-(3-dimethylaminopropyl) and carbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (EDC/NHS) was adopted to improve the gastrointestinal stability of nanogels. Compared to original uncrosslinked nanogels, crosslinking did not change particle size, polydispersity index (PDI) and morphology, but it reduced surface charge of nanogels. The nano spray dried LDL/CMC/EDC nanogels had relatively poor surface structure with agglomerations. The FT-IR spectra confirmed the formation of new peptide bonds, which significantly improved stability of nanogels under simulated gastrointestinal conditions. Fluorescence spectra evidenced that non-polar microenvironment for curcumin embedded in nanogels was strengthened, which therefore enhanced encapsulation efficiency. Moreover, curcumin exhibited sustained release profile from crosslinked nanogels in simulated gastrointestinal fluids. Overall, our study provided a promising strategy to enhance the stability of LDL-based nanogels in digestive conditions.