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Effect of light intensity on ovarian gene expression, reproductive performance and body weight of rabbit does

Sun, Liangzhan, Wu, Zhenyu, Li, Fuchang, Liu, Lei, Li, Jinglin, Zhang, Di, Sun, Chaoran
Animal reproduction science 2017 v.183 pp. 118-125
body weight, estradiol, follicle-stimulating hormone receptors, gene expression, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, immunohistochemistry, insemination, light intensity, luteinization, luteinizing hormone receptors, messenger RNA, plant growth substances, postpartum period, progesterone receptors, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, rabbits, reproductive performance, somatotropin, somatotropin receptors
The objective of the experiment was to find the minimum light intensity which could improve reproduction by examining its effect on ovarian gene expression, reproductive performance and body weight of rabbit does with three different light intensities: 60 (L), 80 (M), and 100 (H)lx. A total of 144 Rex-rabbits submitted to a 49-day reproductive regimen were used in this study. Ovaries were collected and relative abundance of mRNA for ovarian proteins of interest was examined with real-time PCR. Amount of protein for proteins of interest was examined by immunohistochemistry. Reproductive performance and doe bodyweight of the first three consecutive reproductive periods after initiation of the light intensity treatments were evaluated. The results provided evidence that light intensity had no effect on relative abundance of estradiol receptor-α (ER-α), follicle stimulating hormone receptor (FSHR), luteinizing hormone receptor (LHR), gonadotropin releasing hormone receptor 1 (GnRHR1) and progesterone receptor (PGR) mRNA. The relative abundance of growth hormone receptor (GHR) mRNA was, however, greater in Group L than M and H (P<0.05). No difference was observed for all reproductive indices as a result of submission to the three light intensities (P>0.05). The bodyweight of the does in Group L was greater than the other two groups at first insemination, second insemination and the second postpartum period (P<0.05). There was no difference in bodyweight after the second postpartum period (P>0.05). These observations suggest that light intensity between 60 and 100lx has no effect on the reproductive performance of rabbit does, however, the amounts of GHR mRNA and growth hormone (GH) protein were affected and the greater light intensity had a negative effect on bodyweight between the time of the first insemination and the second partum period.