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Electrochemical detection of Piscirickettsia salmonis genomic DNA from salmon samples using solid-phase recombinase polymerase amplification

del Río, Jonathan Sabaté, Svobodova, Marketa, Bustos, Paulina, Conejeros, Pablo, O’Sullivan, Ciara K.
Analytical and bioanalytical chemistry 2016 v.408 no.30 pp. 8611-8620
DNA, Piscirickettsia salmonis, biosensors, detection limit, electrochemistry, electrodes, gold, liver, quantitative polymerase chain reaction, salmon
Electrochemical detection of solid-phase isothermal recombinase polymerase amplification (RPA) of Piscirickettsia salmonis in salmon genomic DNA is reported. The electrochemical biosensor was constructed by surface functionalization of gold electrodes with a thiolated forward primer specific to the genomic region of interest. Solid-phase RPA and primer elongation were achieved in the presence of the specific target sequence and biotinylated reverse primers. The formation of the subsequent surface-tethered duplex amplicons was electrochemically monitored via addition of streptavidin-linked HRP upon completion of solid-phase RPA. Successful quantitative amplification and detection were achieved in less than 1 h at 37 °C, calibrating with PCR-amplified genomic DNA standards and achieving a limit of detection of 5 · 10⁻⁸ μg ml⁻¹ (3 · 10³ copies in 10 μl). The presented system was applied to the analysis of eight real salmon samples, and the method was also compared to qPCR analysis, observing an excellent degree of correlation. Graphical abstract Schematic of use of electrochemical RPA for detection of Psiricketessia salmonis in salmon liver