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Development of a transdermal Salmonella challenge model in calves

Edrington, T. S., Loneragan, G. H., Hill, J., Genovese, K. J., He, H., Callaway, T. R., Anderson, R. C., Brichta-Harhay, D. M., Nisbet, D. J.
Journal of food protection 2013 v.76 no.7 pp. 1255
Salmonella, calves, equipment, food pathogens, lymph nodes, models, salmonellosis, serotypes, transdermal application
Recent investigations have found that Salmonella can be routinely recovered from peripheral lymph nodes (PLNs) of cattle presented for harvest. When contained within the PLNs, this foodborne pathogen is protected from currently used postharvest, inplant intervention strategies and, therefore, PLNs harboring Salmonella may be a potential contaminant of ground beef. The objective of this work was to develop a challenge model that effectively and repeatedly results in Salmonella-positive PLNs. A 10-lancet skin-allergy instrument was inoculated with Salmonella, and calves were inoculated intra- and/or transdermally by applying the device over various ventral regions of the skin. Salmonella was successfully and predictably recovered from regionspecific PLNs up to 8 days postchallenge. Furthermore, serotypes inoculated within specific regions were only recovered from the PLNs draining those regions. This model provides a method to predictably infect PLNs with Salmonella. Further, this model makes it possible to determine the duration of infection and to evaluate candidate interventions that may shorten the duration of infection.