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Kinetics of extracted bioactive components from mushrooms in artificial digestive juices

Kała, Katarzyna, Krakowska, Agata, Sułkowska-Ziaja, Katarzyna, Szewczyk, Agnieszka, Reczyński, Witold, Opoka, Włodzimierz, Muszyńska, Bożena
International journal of food properties 2017 v.20 no.8 pp. 1796-1817
Agaricus bisporus, Armillaria mellea, Auricularia polytricha, Boletus edulis, Cantharellus cibarius, Lactarius deliciosus, Leccinum scabrum, Pleurotus ostreatus, Suillus bovinus, Suillus luteus, Tricholoma, atomic absorption spectrometry, bioactive compounds, digestive juices, disease prevention, fruiting bodies, gallic acid, health promotion, high performance liquid chromatography, human nutrition, mushrooms, serotonin
This article presents a study on fruiting bodies of Boletus badius, Boletus edulis, Cantharellus cibarius, Lactarius deliciosus, Leccinum scabrum, Suillus bovinus, Suillus luteus, Pleurotus ostreatus, Tricholoma equestre, Armillaria mellea, Agaricus bisporus , and Auricularia polytricha . The amounts of their health-promoting bioelements and physiologically significant indole and phenolic compounds were determined. The significance of edible mushrooms in the human diet and in disease prevention were also established. The high-performance liquid chromatography was used to assess the contents of indole compounds and phenolic acids. The atomic absorption spectroscopy was applied to determine bioelements. In all samples, the content of 5-hydroxy-L-tryptophan was studied. The highest extraction amount of serotonin was found for P. ostreatus species. Phenolic compounds were determined in the conditions described in the present study for the first time. Additionally, protocatechuic, p -hydroxybenzoic, syringic, and gallic acids were determined.