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Vertical distribution of 137Cs in alluvial soils of the Lokna River floodplain (Tula oblast) long after the Chernobyl accident and its simulation

Mamikhin, S. V., Golosov, V. N., Paramonova, T. A., Shamshurina, E. N., Ivanov, M. M.
Eurasian soil science 2016 v.49 no.12 pp. 1432-1442
alluvial soils, alluvium, cesium, climatic factors, floodplains, meadow soils, models, radionuclides, rivers, soil profiles, spatial distribution
Profiles of vertical ¹³⁷Cs distribution in alluvial meadow soils on the low and medium levels of the Lokna River floodplain (central part of the Plavsk radioactive spot in Tula oblast) 28 years after the Chernobyl fallout have been studied. A significant increase in the ¹³⁷Cs pool is revealed on the low floodplain areas compared to the soils of interfluves due to the accumulation of alluvium, which hampers the reduction of the total radionuclide pool in alluvial soils because of radioactive decay. The rate of alluvium accumulation in the soil on the medium floodplain level is lower by three times on average. An imitation prognostic model has been developed, which considers the flooding and climatic conditions in the region under study. Numerical experiments have quantitatively confirmed the deciding role of low-mobile forms in the migration of maximum ¹³⁷Cs content along the soil profile in the absence of manifested erosion–accumulation processes.