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Development of a vivo rabbit ligated intestinal Loop Model for HCMV infection
- Tang, Jin, Wu, Qiaoxing, Tang, Xinming, Shi, Ruihan, Suo, Jingxia, Huang, Guangping, An, Junqing, Wang, Jingyuan, Yang, Jinling, Hao, Wenzhuo, She, Ruiping, Suo, Xun
- Journal of animal science and biotechnology 2016 v.7 no.1 pp. 69
- Hepatitis E virus, Human herpesvirus 5, animal models, epithelium, immunohistochemistry, inflammation, intestines, lymphocytes, macrophages, pathogenesis, rabbits, reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction, statistics, viruses
- BACKGROUND: Human Cytomegalovirus (HCMV) infections can be found throughout the body, especially in epithelial tissue. Animal model was established by inoculation of HCMV (strain AD-169) or coinoculation with Hepatitis E virus (HEV) into the ligated sacculus rotundus and vermiform appendix in living rabbits. The specimens were collected from animals sacrificed 1 and a half hours after infection. RESULTS: The virus was found to be capable of reproducing in these specimens through RT-PCR and Western-blot. Severe inflammation damage was found in HCMV-infected tissue. The viral protein could be detected in high amounts in the mucosal epithelium and lamina propria by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescense. Moreover, there are strong positive signals in lymphocytes, macrophages, and lymphoid follicles. Quantitative statistics indicate that lymphocytes among epithlium cells increased significantly in viral infection groups. CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that HCMV or HEV + HCMV can efficiently infect in rabbits by vivo ligated intestine loop inoculation. The present study successfully developed an infective model in vivo rabbit ligated intestinal Loop for HCMV pathogenesis study. This rabbit model can be helpful for understanding modulation of the gut immune system with HCMV infection.