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Identification of a novel 15.5 kb SHOX deletion associated with marked intrafamilial phenotypic variability and analysis of its molecular origin
- ALEXANDROU, ANGELOS, PAPAEVRIPIDOU, IOANNIS, TSANGARAS, KYRIAKOS, ALEXANDROU, IOANNA, TRYFONIDIS, MARIOS, CHRISTOPHIDOU-ANASTASIADOU, VIOLETTA, ZAMBA-PAPANICOLAOU, ELENI, KOUMBARIS, GEORGE, NEOCLEOUS, VASSOS, PHYLACTOU, LEONIDAS A., SKORDIS, NICOS, TANTELES, GEORGE A., SISMANI, CAROLINA
- Journal of genetics 2016 v.95 no.4 pp. 839-845
- exons, females, gene deletion, genes, males, phenotype, phenotypic variation, point mutation
- Haploinsufficiency of the short stature homeobox contaning SHOX gene has been shown to result in a spectrum of phenotypes ranging from Leri–Weill dyschondrosteosis (LWD) at the more severe end to SHOX-related short stature at the milder end of the spectrum. Most alterations are whole gene deletions, point mutations within the coding region, or microdeletions in its flanking sequences. Here, we present the clinical and molecular data as well as the potential molecular mechanism underlying a novel microdeletion, causing a variable SHOX-related haploinsufficiency disorder in a three-generation family. The phenotype resembles that of LWD in females, in males, however, the phenotypic expression is milder. The 15523-bp SHOX intragenic deletion, encompassing exons 3–6, was initially detected by array-CGH, followed by MLPA analysis. Sequencing of the breakpoints indicated an Alu recombination-mediated deletion (ARMD) as the potential causative mechanism.