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HPLC determination of chlorobenzenes, benzenesulphonyl chlorides and benzenesulphonic acids in industrial waste water

Jandera, P., Fischer, J., Prokeš, B.
Chromatographia 2001 v.54 no.9-10 pp. 581-587
acids, adsorption, chlorides, detection limit, gels, high performance liquid chromatography, industrial wastes, polar compounds, pollutants, silica, sodium sulfate, wastewater
An HPLC method has been developed for the determination of chlorobenzenes, benzenesulphonyl chlorides, benzenesulphonic acids and related compounds in industrial waste water. The separation and determination of diphenylsulphone, 1,4-dichlorobenzene, 1,2,3,4-tetrachlorobenzene 1,2,3,5-tetrachlorobenzene and pentachlorobenzene was performed in reversed-phase system with octadecylsilica gel stationary phase and aqueous-methanolic mobile phase. Successful separation of ionic and polar compounds as water pollutants such as: benzenesulphonamide, benzenesulphonic acid, 1,3-benzenedisulphonic acid, 4-chlorobenzenesulphonic acid, 2,5-dichlorobenzenesulphonyl chloride, 2,3,4-trichlorobenzenesulphonyl chloride and 2,4,5-trichlorobenzenesulphonyl chloride requires addition of a salt (sodium sulphate) to the mobile phase. Addition of a buffer or of an ion-pair reagent to aqueous-methanolic mobile phases did not yield satifactory improvement in separation selectivity nor of peak shape. Polar and ionic compounds diphenylsulphone and chlorobenzenes, were separated and determined by a two-step, reversed-phase LC method. On-line sample enrichment on an adsorption column packed either with octadecyl silica or with aminopropyl silica connected to an LC column improved the limits of detection of the pollutants.