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Conferring resistance to pre-harvest sprouting in durum wheat by a QTL identified in Triticum spelta

Liu, Yujiao, Liu, Yaxi, Zhou, Yong, Wight, Charlene, Pu, Zhien, Qi, Pengfei, Jiang, Qiantao, Deng, Mei, Wang, Zaoxia, Wei, Yuming, Cao, Wenguang, Liu, Dengcai, Zheng, Youliang, Liu, Chunji, Frégeau-Reid, Judith, Wang, Jirui
Euphytica 2017 v.213 no.1 pp. 19
Triticum aestivum subsp. spelta, Triticum turgidum subsp. durum, chromosomes, cultivars, disease resistance, durum wheat, gene pool, genetic background, germplasm, harvest date, hexaploidy, inbred lines, introgression, marker-assisted selection, phenotype, plant breeding, quantitative trait loci, sprouting, tetraploidy, vivipary (plants), weather
Pre-harvest sprouting (PHS) causes significant yield loss and degrade the end-use quality of wheat, especially in regions with prolonged wet weather during the harvesting season. Unfortunately, the gene pool of Triticum durum (tetraploid durum wheat) has narrow genetic base for PHS resistance. Therefore, finding out new genetic resources from other wheat species to develop PHS resistance in durum wheat is of importance. A major PHS resistance QTL, Qphs.sicau-3B.1, was mapped on chromosome 3BL in a recombinant inbred line population derived from ‘CSCR6’ (Triticum spelta), a PHS resistant hexaploid wheat and ‘Lang’, a PHS susceptible Australian hexaploid wheat cultivar. This QTL, Qphs.sicau-3B.1, is positioned between DArT marker wPt-3107 and wPt-6785. Two SCAR markers (Ph3B.1 and Ph3B.2) were developed to track this major QTL and were used to assay a BC₂F₈ tetraploid population derived from a cross between the durum wheat ‘Bellaroi’ (PHS susceptible) and ‘CSCR6’ (PHS resistant). Phenotypic assay and marker-assisted selection revealed five stable tetraploid lines were highly PHS resistant. This study has successfully established that PHS-resistance QTL from hexaploid wheat could be efficiently introgressed into tetraploid durum wheat. This tetraploid wheat germplasm could be useful in developing PHS resistant durum cultivars with higher yield and good end-use quality.