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Changes in the composition of phosphorus (P) compound groups in sediment and P in sediment pore water in a shallow eutrophic lake: a 31P NMR study
- Shinohara, Ryuichiro, Imai, Akio, Kawasaki, Nobuyuki, Komatsu, Kazuhiro, Kohzu, Ayato, Miura, Shingo, Sano, Tomoharu, Satou, Takayuki, Tomioka, Noriko, Shimotori, Koichi
- Limnology 2017 v.18 no.1 pp. 141-151
- adsorption, eutrophication, lakes, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, orthophosphates, phosphorus, sediments, stable isotopes, summer, winter
- We observed phosphorus (P) compound groups in sediment in Lake Kasumigaura in winter (February and March) and summer (July and August) to identify how their composition differs between the seasons. The concentration of soluble unreactive P in sediment pore water (SUPₚₒᵣₑ) was significantly higher in winter than in summer, whereas the concentration of soluble reactive P (SRPₚₒᵣₑ) was significantly higher in summer than in winter. In summer, when the concentration of SRPₚₒᵣₑ was high, the concentration of orthophosphate was greatest (~80 %) among the P compound groups. The concentration of orthophosphate diesters had a significant negative correlation with SUPₚₒᵣₑ concentration and was significantly lower in winter (high SUPₚₒᵣₑ concentration) than in summer. Such relative abundance of P compound groups in sediment could have resulted from adsorption of orthophosphate in summer and degradation of orthophosphate diesters in winter; these seasonal processes could contribute significantly to the changes in the concentrations of SRPₚₒᵣₑ and SUPₚₒᵣₑ, possibly influencing the P concentrations in the water column in Lake Kasumigaura.