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A Successive Application Approach for Effective Utilization of Three Aquatic Plants in Arsenic Removal

Poonam,, Upadhyay, Munish Kumar, Gautam, Ambedkar, Mallick, Shekhar, Srivastava, Sudhakar
Water, air, and soil pollution 2017 v.228 no.2 pp. 54
Ceratophyllum demersum, Hydrilla verticillata, Lemna minor, aquatic plants, arsenic
In the present study, the performance of three selected aquatic plants [Hydrilla verticillata (H), Ceratophyllum demersum (C), and Lemna minor (L)] was evaluated for As removal from water when used in a successive application approach. The plants were subjected to 4 L of As-containing Hoagland medium (500 and 2500 μg L⁻¹ as low and high exposure, respectively) for a period of 21 days in slots of 7 days each. The results showed that total As removal in 21 days varied in different combinations. The best combination was HCL showing 27 and 18% As removal in low and high As treatments, respectively, followed by HLC (21 and 16%), and LCH (15% and 12%). The lowest As removal was achieved by LHC and CLH combination in low As treatment (11%) and by CLH in high As treatment (6%). Individual plant exhibited different removal potential from combination to combination and from application at various stages. The contribution of Hydrilla varied from 8 to 52%, Ceratophyllum from 18 to 64% and Lemna from 18 to 66%. The study advocates the combination of Hydrilla-Ceratophyllum-Lemna for achieving the maximum As removal in the same period.