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Presence of Ureaplasma diversum in the genital tracts of female dairy cattle in Mato Grosso State, Brazil

Azevedo, Jaqueline B., Silva, Gustavo S., Rocha, Priscylla S., Pitchenin, Letícia C., Dutra, Valéria, Nakazato, Luciano, de Oliveira, Anderson Castro Soares, Pescador, Caroline A.
Tropical animal health and production 2017 v.49 no.2 pp. 311-316
Mycoplasma, Ureaplasma diversum, abortion (animals), bacteria, calves, dairy cows, herds, models, mucosa, mucus, polymerase chain reaction, regression analysis, salpingitis, Brazil
Ureaplasma diversum infection in bovine females may result in various reproductive problems, including granular vulvovaginitis, abortion, weak calves, salpingitis, and spontaneous abortion. The presence of U. diversum in a dairy bovine population from midwestern Brazil has not been established. The aim of this study was to determine whether U. diversum was present in dairy cattle from midwestern Brazil using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Vulvovaginal mucus was analyzed from 203 cows located in six municipalities in the north region of Mato Grosso State, Brazil. A total of 25% of dairy cows with vulvovaginitis were positive for U. diversum. The factors evaluated were included in a multivariable logistic regression model with the presence of at least one positive cow in the herd serving as the dependent variable. Three variables were significantly associated with a U. diversum-positive PCR and were included in the final multivariable model: number of parities, vulvar lesions, and reproductive problems. For each new parity, the chance of U. diversum infection decreased 0.03-fold, indicating that cows with the highest number of parities were more protected. The presence of vulvar lesions was increased 17.6-fold in females positive for U. diversum, suggesting that this bacterium could be related to the red granular lesions in the vulvar mucosa, whereas reproductive problems were increased 7.6-fold. However, further investigations should be conducted to ascertain the effects of U. diversum in association with other mycoplasma species in the herds studied.