Main content area

Comparative Photocatalytic Performance on the Degradation of 2-Naphthol Under Simulated Solar Light Using α-Bi4V2O11 Synthesized by Solid-State and Co-precipitation Methods

González, Lucy T., Leyva-Porras, C., Sánchez-Domínguez, M., Maza, Iván J., Longoria Rodríguez, F. E.
Water, air, and soil pollution 2017 v.228 no.2 pp. 75
2-naphthol, X-ray diffraction, bismuth, coprecipitation, lighting, optical properties, oxides, pH, photocatalysis, photolysis, pollutants, powders, reflectance spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy, ultraviolet-visible spectroscopy
In this investigation, the photocatalytic activity of α-Bi₄V₂O₁₁ in the degradation of 2-naphthol under simulated solar light was evaluated. Bismuth vanadate α-Bi₄V₂O₁₁ was synthesized by the solid-state reaction method and by co-precipitation in aqueous media, with the aim of comparing their performance in the photodegradation of the aromatic pollutant. The latter method (co-precipitation) has not been previously reported for the synthesis of α-Bi₄V₂O₁₁. Structural evolution of the oxides precursors was determined by X-ray diffraction. Morphology and optical properties of the solids were analyzed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (UV-vis), respectively. The results showed that at 800 °C, only α-Bi₄V₂O₁₁ was formed in both preparations. The SEM micrographs revealed that the powders were composed of agglomerates with sizes between 0.8–2 μm for those synthesized by co-precipitation and 2–10 μm for those obtained by solid-state reaction. The optical properties indicated that α-Bi₄V₂O₁₁ was activated with visible light during the photocatalytic process. The photocatalytic degradation of 2-naphthol was largely influenced at basic pH, degrading 79% of the contaminant in 240 min, with the powder obtained by co-precipitation; meanwhile, for the solid-state preparation, the degradation reached only 55%.