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Anaerobic Dechlorination of Tetrachlorobisphenol A in River Sediment and Associated Changes in Bacterial Communities

Zhang, Jing, Liu, Shicheng, Li, Lingling, Ren, Yuan, Feng, Chunhua, Wei, Chaohai, Li, Yipeng, Huang, Zhili
Water, air, and soil pollution 2017 v.228 no.2 pp. 78
Bacteroidetes, Chlorobi, Chloroflexi, Firmicutes, anaerobic conditions, bacteria, bacterial communities, dechlorination, electronic wastes, endocrine-disrupting chemicals, flame retardants, metabolism, methanogens, nucleotide sequences, ribosomal RNA, rivers, sediments, sequence analysis, sulfates
Tetrachlorobisphenol A (TCBPA) is a widely used flame retardant and a potential endocrine disruptor. We estimated the role of the microbial community in degradation of TCBPA in river sediment from the vicinity of an E-waste processing facility. The effects of different anaerobic conditions on degradation efficiency of TCBPA were investigated, and differences in bacterial communities among these conditions were analyzed by 16S ribosomal RNA (rRNA) gene sequencing. The most effective dechlorination of TCBPA occurred under methanogenic conditions followed by electron donor-enhanced conditions and sulfate-reducing conditions with initial sulfate concentrations of 1, 10, and 20 mM. The extent of TCBPA removal under these conditions mentioned above was 65, 44, 43, 23, and 23%, respectively. 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis indicated that five dominant genera in the phylum Chloroflexi and another five species of Bacteroidetes, Chlorobi, and Firmicutes in these five systems were largely involved in TCBPA dechlorination. The initial sample had a total relative abundance of autochtonous potential dechlorinating bacteria of 12%. After 160 days, these values increased to 29–43% under above conditions. Addition of TCBPA decreased bacterial diversity. Efficiency of TCBPA degradation depends on the abundance and metabolism of dechlorinating bacterial guilds. The effectiveness of dechlorinating microbes in degradation of TCBPA was reduced by high sulfate concentrations.