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Factors constraining and enabling agroforestry adoption in Viet Nam: a multi-level policy analysis

Simelton, Elisabeth S., Catacutan, Delia C., Dao, Thu C., Dam, Bac V., Le, Thinh D.
Agroforestry systems 2017 v.91 no.1 pp. 51-67
agroforestry, ecosystem services, farmers, forests, livestock, loans, marketing, models, policy analysis, stakeholders, trees, Vietnam
Agroforestry is known to have multiple economic and environmental benefits. Despite this, the adoption of agroforestry in Viet Nam is limited both in extent and diversity of components and practices. Our study identified gaps for agroforestry adoption in current policies and policy implementation. National policy and provincial instructions and decisions were reviewed and discussed during ten stakeholders’ consultation workshops. The review and workshops concluded that there were no specific national and few provincial specific policies promoting agroforestry. In addition, the segregation of policies into agriculture and forestry, promoted monoculture practices and discouraged the integration of mixed annual and perennial tree species. Completing the forestland allocation process was considered essential for long-term investment on land and providing collateral for loans. More holistic policies, such as a provincial strategy for agroforestry development that would enable flexible integration of agriculture, forestry and livestock were perceived to be more effective and inclusive to poor and non-poor farmers. Specific cross-cutting budget allocation would be necessary for capacity building, upscaling agroforestry models, procurement of high-quality inputs, and establishing post-harvest processing and marketing investments.