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Identification of SNP for rice blast resistance gene Pike and development of the gene-specific markers

He, Yonggang, Meng, Fen, Quan, Shuiqing, Ji, Wenjun, Liang, Anmin, Chen, Jing, Huang, Wenchao, Tian, Jinshan, Zhang, Zhihong
Euphytica 2017 v.213 no.3 pp. 61
DNA, Magnaporthe oryzae, Oryza sativa, alleles, blast disease, breeding lines, crop production, disease resistance, genetic resistance, genotype, germplasm, introgression, marker-assisted selection, phylogeny, plant breeding, polymerase chain reaction, rice, sequence alignment, single nucleotide polymorphism
Rice blast disease caused by Magnaporthe oryzae is an important limiting factor to rice production in the world. Introgression of blast resistance genes into improved germplasm by marker-assisted selection has been considered as an effective and environmentally beneficial means to control this disease. Pike, a broad-spectrum blast resistance gene, was cloned by map-based strategy recently in our laboratory. Two adjacent CC-NBS-LRR genes (designated as Pike-1 and Pike-2) were required for Pike-mediated resistance. In the current study, sequence alignment of the SNP G1328C and the SNP-surrounding region let us find that the Pik DNA variants of the studied rice lines appear to be divided into G-, C-, T- and G’-types. Based on the four genotypes, a Pike-specific marker system consisting of three PCR-based markers CP-G1328C, CP-G1328T and CP-G1328G’ was developed and used to effectively differentiate G-type allele from each of the others. Using this marker system, we investigated distribution of the Pik DNA variants in a set of 326 rice varieties or breeding lines and found that there were 2, 130, 135 and 59 rice lines identified to carry G-, C-, T- and G’-type alleles, respectively. In addition, with sequence data of the SNP G1328C-containing genomic region derived from 56 rice lines, we constructed a phylogenetic tree with three major clades which just corresponded to the types of the Pik DNA variants described above.