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Genetic diversity of the genotype VII Newcastle disease virus: identification of a novel VIIj sub-genotype

Xue, Cong, Cong, Yanlong, Yin, Renfu, Sun, Yixue, Ding, Chan, Yu, Shengqing, Liu, Xiufan, Hu, Shunlin, Qian, Jing, Yuan, Qianliang, Yang, Mingxi, Wang, Chunfeng, Ding, Zhuang
Virus genes 2017 v.53 no.1 pp. 63-70
epidemiological studies, Newcastle disease, phylogeny, subgenotype, Avian orthoavulavirus 1, viruses, nucleotide sequences, vaccination, genetic variation, poultry, China
Newcastle disease (ND) is a highly contagious disease of poultry caused by Newcastle disease virus (NDV). Multiple genotypes of NDV have been circulating worldwide and NDV is continuously evolving, resulting into more diversity. Of multiple viral genotypes, VII is particularly important given that it had been associated with most recent ND outbreaks worldwide. In this study, an epidemiological investigation performed in northeastern China during 2014–2015 showed that 11 genotype VII isolates amounted to 55 percent in a total number of NDV isolates. Therefore, to evaluate the genetic diversity worldwide and epidemiological distribution in China of genotype VII NDV, a phylogenetic analysis based on the 1255 complete F gene sequences showed that VII is the most predominant genotype worldwide. A further detailed characterization on genotype VII was conducted based on the 477 complete F gene sequences from 11 isolates and 466 reference viruses available in GenBank. The results demonstrated that VII can be further divided into 8 sub-genotypes (VIIb, VIId–VIIj), indicating its complex genetic diversity. It is worthy of note that the isolation rate of VIIj is increasing recently. It emphasizes the necessity to pay close attention to the epidemiological dynamic of genotype VII NDV and highlights the importance of vaccination program.