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UV-C treatment on physiological response of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.) during low temperature storage

Lin, Qiong, Xie, Yajing, Liu, Wei, Zhang, Jie, Cheng, Shuzhen, Xie, Xinfang, Guan, Wenqiang, Wang, Zhidong
Journal of food science and technology 2017 v.54 no.1 pp. 55-61
Solanum tuberosum, acrylamides, beta-fructofuranosidase, fructose, frying, genes, glucose, malondialdehyde, physiological response, potatoes, reducing sugars, sprouting, sucrose-phosphate synthase, temperature, tubers, ultraviolet radiation
The storage of potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L.) at low temperatures minimizes sprouting and disease but can cause cold-induced sweetening (CIS), which leads to the production of the cancerogenic substance acrylamide during the frying processing. The aim of this research was to investigate the effects of UV-C treatment on CIS in cold stored potato tuber. ‘Atlantic’ potatoes were treated with UV-C for an hour and then stored at 4 °C up to 28 days. The UV-C treatment significantly prevented the increase of malondialdehyde content (an indicator of the prevention of oxidative injury) in potato cells during storage. The accumulation of reducing sugars, particularly fructose and glucose, was significantly reduced by UV-C treatment possibly due to the regulation of the gene cascade, sucrose phosphate synthase, invertase inhibitor 1/3, and invertase 1 in potato tuber, which were observed to be differently expressed between treated and untreated potatoes during low temperature storage. In summary, UV-C treatment prevented the existence of oxidative injury in potato cells, thus, lowered the amount of reducing sugar accumulation during low temperature storage of potato tubers.