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Mutagenesis of nisin’s leader peptide proline strongly modulates export of precursor nisin
- Plat, Annechien, Kuipers, Anneke, Crabb, Joe, Rink, Rick, Moll, Gert N.
- Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 2017 v.110 no.3 pp. 321-330
- Lactococcus lactis, enzymes, mutagenesis, mutants, nisin, proline, signal peptide
- The lantibiotic nisin is produced by Lactococcus lactis as a precursor peptide comprising a 23 amino acid leader peptide and a 34 amino acid post-translationally modifiable core peptide. We previously demonstrated that the conserved FNLD part of the leader is essential for intracellular enzyme-catalyzed introduction of lanthionines in the core peptide and also for transporter-mediated export, whereas other positions are subject to large mutational freedom. We here demonstrate that, in the absence of the extracellular leader peptidase, NisP, export of precursor nisin via the modification and transporter enzymes, NisBTC, is strongly affected by multiple substitutions of the leader residue at position -2, but not by substitution of positions in the vicinity of this site. Export levels of precursor nisin increased by more than 70% for position -2 mutants Asp, Thr, Ser, Trp, Lys, Val and decreased more than 70% for Cys, His, Met. In a strain with leader peptidase, the Pro-2Lys and Pro-2Asp precursor nisins were less efficiently cleaved by NisP than wild type precursor nisin. Taken together, the wild type precursor nisin with a proline at position -2 allows balanced export and cleavage efficiencies by precursor nisin’s transporter and leader peptidase.