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Breed traceability of buffalo meat using microsatellite genotyping technique

Kannur, Bheemashankar H., Fairoze, Md. Nadeem, Girish, P. S., Karabasanavar, Nagappa, Rudresh, B. H.
Journal of food science and technology 2017 v.54 no.2 pp. 558-563
alleles, beef, blood, breeds, buffalo meat, buffaloes, cattle, genetic markers, genotype, genotyping, loci, meat animals, microsatellite repeats, probability, traceability, Asia
Although buffalo has emerged as a major meat producing animal in Asia, major research on breed traceability has so far been focused on cattle (beef). This research gap on buffalo breed traceability has impelled development and validation of buffalo breed traceability using a set of eight microsatellite (STR) markers in seven Indian buffalo breeds (Bhadawari, Jaffaarabadi, Murrah, Mehsana, Nagpuri, Pandharpuri and Surti). Probability of sharing same profile by two individuals at a specific locus was computed considering different STR numbers, allele pooling in breed and population. Match probabilities per breed were considered and six most polymorphic loci were genotyped. Out of eight microsatellite markers studied, markers CSSMO47, DRB3 and CSSM060 were found most polymorphic. Developed technique was validated with known and unknown, blood and meat samples; wherein, samples were genetically traced in 24 out of 25 samples tested. Results of this study showed potential applications of the methodology and encourage other researchers to address the problem of buffalo traceability so as to create a world-wide archive of breed specific genotypes. This work is the first report of breed traceability of buffalo meat utilizing microsatellite genotyping technique.