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Sedolisins, a New Class of Secreted Proteases from Aspergillus fumigatus with Endoprotease or Tripeptidyl-Peptidase Activity at Acidic pHs

Reichard, Utz, Léchenne, Barbara, Asif, Abdul R., Streit, Frank, Grouzmann, Eric, Jousson, Olivier, Monod, Michel
Applied and environmental microbiology 2006 v.72 no.3 pp. 1739-1748
Aspergillus fumigatus, Merops, Pichia pastoris, Western blotting, enzyme activity, genes, hemoglobin, hydrolysis, nitrogen, pH, protein sources, proteinases, signal peptide, substrate specificity, virulence
The secreted proteolytic activity of Aspergillus fumigatus is of potential importance as a virulence factor and in the industrial hydrolysis of protein sources. The A. fumigatus genome contains sequences that could encode a five-member gene family that produces proteases in the sedolisin family (MEROPS S53). Four putative secreted sedolisins with a predicted 17- to 20-amino-acid signal sequence were identified and termed SedA to SedD. SedA produced heterologously in Pichia pastoris was an acidic endoprotease. Heterologously produced SedB, SedC, and SedD were tripeptidyl-peptidases (TPP) with a common specificity for tripeptide-p-nitroanilide substrates at acidic pHs. Purified SedB hydrolyzed the peptide Ala-Pro-Gly-Asp-Arg-Ile-Tyr-Val-His-Pro-Phe to Arg-Pro-Gly, Asp-Arg-Ile, and Tyr-Val-His-Pro-Phe, thereby confirming TPP activity of the enzyme. SedB, SedC, and SedD were detected by Western blotting in culture supernatants of A. fumigatus grown in a medium containing hemoglobin as the sole nitrogen source. A degradation product of SedA also was observed. A search for genes encoding sedolisin homologues in other fungal genomes indicates that sedolisin gene families are widespread among filamentous ascomycetes.