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Submersion simulation in a typical debris flow watershed of Jianzhuangchuan catchment, Loess Plateau

Peng, Jianbing, Huo, Aidi, Cheng, Yuxiang, Dang, Jian, Wei, Hong, Wang, Xiaofan, Li, Chongyi
Environmental earth sciences 2017 v.76 no.13 pp. 462
basins, disasters, floods, hydrologic models, mass movement, mathematical models, rain, surveys, villages, watersheds, China
Debris flow is one of the most serious and frequent geological disasters that occur in the Loess Plateau. The outbreak of a debris flow is sudden, ferocious, swift, and destructive. The characteristics and mechanism of debris flow were explored in this study via survey, numerical simulation, and simulation analysis in a Loess Plateau area (Huangling County, Shaanxi Province, China). Numerical models and formulas corresponding to the occurrence and movement mechanism were established based on the HEC-RAS, HEC-GeoRAS, and SWAT results. The range of debris flow deposition was determined through capturing the debris flow free surface. A hydrological model and critical rainfall threshold were determined in order to provide technical support for debris flow forecasting in the Loess Plateau. The results suggest that 10-year floods do not submerge any portion of the basin. One village area was affected by the 100-year flood (total area of 0.648 km²) while four villages areas were submerged by the 1000-year flood (total area of 1.39 km²). The method presented here may provide a reliable scientific basis for mitigating loss due to debris flow hazards.