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Temperature-dependent development of Macrolophus pygmaeus and its applicability to biological control

Martínez-García, Héctor, Sáenz-Romo, María G., Aragón-Sánchez, Miguel, Román-Fernández, Luis R., Sáenz-de-Cabezón, Eduardo, Marco-Mancebón, Vicente S., Pérez-Moreno, Ignacio
BioControl 2017 v.62 no.4 pp. 481-493
Macrolophus, adults, biological control, eggs, linear models, mass rearing, nonlinear models, survival rate, temperature
A linear model and three nonlinear models (Logan type III, Lactin and Brière) were applied to Macrolophus pygmaeus (Rambur) (Hemiptera: Miridae) at constant temperatures and validated under diel temperature variation, and field conditions. Complete development from egg to adult, with >80% survivorship, occurred at nine constant temperatures between 15 and 32 °C. Total developmental time decreased from a maximum at 15 °C (68.48 days) to a minimum at 30 °C (18.69 days) and then increased at 32 °C (23.44 days). Optimal survival and the highest developmental rate occurred within the range of 27–30 °C. The adjusted determination coefficients were high for linear and nonlinear models (>0.89). Field validation showed high levels of accuracy in all models (≥93.4%). These valid mathematical models contribute to optimal application, field management, and mass rearing of M. pygmaeus for its applicability to biological control.