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Temporal trends of lipophilic persistent organic pollutants in serum from Danish nulliparous pregnant women 2011–2013

Bjerregaard-Olesen, Christian, Long, Manhai, Ghisari, Mandana, Bech, Bodil H, Nohr, Ellen A, Uldbjerg, Niels, Henriksen, Tine B, Olsen, Jørn, Bonefeld-Jørgensen, Eva C
Environmental science and pollution research international 2017 v.24 no.20 pp. 16592-16603
HCH (pesticide), blood lipids, blood serum, body mass index, gas chromatography, gestational age, persistent organic pollutants, polychlorinated biphenyls, pregnant women, regression analysis, smoking (habit)
The use of the lipophilic persistent organic pollutants (POPs) including polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and several organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) has been prohibited for more than 30 years. In this study, we present the temporal trends of the lipophilic POP serum concentrations in Danish nulliparous pregnant women between 2011 and 2013. We randomly selected 197 pregnant women (gestational age 11–13) from the Aarhus Birth Cohort. The concentrations of the lipophilic POPs in the serum samples were analyzed using gas chromatography. The concentrations were corrected for total serum lipids. The statistical analysis was performed by regression analysis with adjustment for age, BMI, gestational age at blood draw, and smoking status. The serum concentrations of PCB 118, 138, 153, 156, 170, 180, 187, and hexachlorobenzen, trans-nonachlor, β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH), and p,p’-dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene were lower in 2013 than in 2011. However, the oxychlordane concentration was lowest in 2011. The serum levels of most lipophilic POPs followed downward trends during the study period, which was expected, as these compounds has been banned for many years. The upward trend of oxychlordane was unexpected and presumably a chance finding.