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Effects of microwave-discharged cold plasma on synthesis and characteristics of citrate derivatives of corn starch granules

Kim, Hyun-Seok, Min, Sea Cheol
Food science and biotechnology 2017 v.26 no.3 pp. 697-706
catalysts, citrates, convection ovens, corn starch, gelatinization temperature, heat, nitrogen, pasting properties, resistant starch, solubility, starch granules, swelling (materials), viscosity
The objectives of this study were to identify the potential function of microwave-discharged cold plasma (MCP) treatment in preparing starch citrate (SC) non-thermally and to investigate the physicochemical properties of MCP-induced starch citrates. SCs were prepared by either dry heating in a convection oven (as a reaction control; COV) or MCP treatment using N₂ (N₂-MCP) and N₂–O₂ (N₂/O₂-MCP). Fourier transform-infrared spectra of the MCP-induced SCs revealed new peaks indicating ester bonds. The molar degree of substation was 0.013–0.015 depending on the reaction conditions. The plasma-formed dents were observed more on the surfaces of granular starch citrates (GSCs) treated with N₂/O₂-MCP than N₂-MCP. Relative to COV, MCP-induced GSCs possessed lower resistant starch content, solubility, and gelatinization temperatures and higher swelling power. The pasting viscosities were higher with N₂-MCP GSCs and lower with N₂/O₂-MCP GSCs. The results suggest that MCP can be used as a novel catalyst for non-thermal starch citration.