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Effects of microwave-discharged cold plasma on synthesis and characteristics of citrate derivatives of corn starch granules
- Kim, Hyun-Seok, Min, Sea Cheol
- Food science and biotechnology 2017 v.26 no.3 pp. 697-706
- catalysts, citrates, convection ovens, corn starch, gelatinization temperature, heat, nitrogen, pasting properties, resistant starch, solubility, starch granules, swelling (materials), viscosity
- The objectives of this study were to identify the potential function of microwave-discharged cold plasma (MCP) treatment in preparing starch citrate (SC) non-thermally and to investigate the physicochemical properties of MCP-induced starch citrates. SCs were prepared by either dry heating in a convection oven (as a reaction control; COV) or MCP treatment using N₂ (N₂-MCP) and N₂–O₂ (N₂/O₂-MCP). Fourier transform-infrared spectra of the MCP-induced SCs revealed new peaks indicating ester bonds. The molar degree of substation was 0.013–0.015 depending on the reaction conditions. The plasma-formed dents were observed more on the surfaces of granular starch citrates (GSCs) treated with N₂/O₂-MCP than N₂-MCP. Relative to COV, MCP-induced GSCs possessed lower resistant starch content, solubility, and gelatinization temperatures and higher swelling power. The pasting viscosities were higher with N₂-MCP GSCs and lower with N₂/O₂-MCP GSCs. The results suggest that MCP can be used as a novel catalyst for non-thermal starch citration.