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Correlation between in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity of compounds using CQ-sensitive and CQ-resistant strains of Plasmodium falciparum and CQ-resistant strain of P. yoelii
- Srivastava, Kumkum, Agarwal, Pooja, Soni, Awakash, Puri, S.K.
- Parasitology research 2017 v.116 no.7 pp. 1849-1854
- Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium yoelii, antimalarials, discriminant analysis, inhibitory concentration 50, mice, parasitemia, prediction
- Present efforts have been made to establish a correlation between in vitro and in vivo antimalarial activity using MIC, IC₅₀ and IC₉₀ values against CQ-sensitive (3D7) and CQ-resistant (K1) strains of Plasmodium falciparum and in vivo activity against Plasmodium yoelii. The method of discriminant function analysis (DFA) was applied to analyze the data. It was observed that in vitro IC₉₀ values against both 3D7 and K1 strains (p < 0.001) have strong correlation with in vivo curative activity. The respective IC₅₀ and IC₉₀ values of compounds, which cured mice (i.e., animals did not show recrudescence of parasitemia even after 60 days posttreatment), ranged between 3 and 14 nM and 14 and 186 nM against 3D7 and between 9 and 65 nM and 24 and 359 nM against the K1 strain of P. falciparum. Whereas the IC₅₀ and IC₉₀ values of compounds which exhibited in vivo suppressive activity in mice ranged between 10 and 307 nm and 61 and >965 nM, respectively, against 3D7 and 75 and >806 nm and 241 and >1232 nM against the K1 strain of P. falciparum. The findings suggest that IC₉₀ values against both 3D7 and K1 strains (p < 0.02) are the main contributors for the prediction of in vivo curative activity of a new molecule. Apart from this, a reasonable correlation between MIC and IC₅₀ values of compounds has also been established.