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Dissipation pattern and risk quotients assessment of amisulbrom in Korean melon cultivated in plastic house conditions

Kabir, Md. Humayun, Abd El-Aty, A. M., Rahman, Md. Musfiqur, Chung, Hyung Suk, Lee, Han Sol, Park, Sun-Hyang, Hacımüftüoğlu, Fazil, Chang, Byung-Joon, Shin, Ho-Chul, Shim, Jae-Han
Environmental monitoring and assessment 2017 v.189 no.6 pp. 302
adverse effects, cleaning, correlation, half life, liquid chromatography, liquid-liquid extraction, maximum residue limits, melons, risk, risk assessment, solid phase extraction, tandem mass spectrometry
Amisulbrom formulated as suspension concentrate was applied at the rate recommended for Korean melon to determine the dissipation pattern (at two different sites), the pre-harvest residue limit (PHRL), and risk assessments. Samples collected over 10 days were extracted using liquid-liquid extraction (LLE) and cleaned up with solid-phase extraction (SPE) Florisil cartridge. Residual concentrations were determined using liquid chromatography-ultraviolet detector (LC-UVD) and confirmed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS). The standard showed good instrument response linearity with a correlation coefficient (R ²) = 0.9999, and the recovery ranged from 87.5 to 93.7%. The dissipation half-life calculated from two different sites were found to be 7.0 and 8.8 days for sites 1 and 2, respectively. A PHRL graph constructed from the data indicated that if the residue levels were less than 0.55–0.59 mg/kg 3 days before harvest or less than 0.61–0.74 mg/kg 7 days before harvest, then they would be lower than the maximum residue limits (MRLs) at harvest. Risk assessments showed that the risk quotient (RQ) was 4.39–3.47% at 0 day, declined to 1.53–1.63% at 10 days. Therefore, the current data indicate that the amisulbrom can be applied safely to Korean melon; hence, it is unlikely to induce adverse health effects in consumers.