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Identification of Pm58 from Aegilops tauschii

Author:
Wiersma, Andrew T., Pulman, Jane A., Brown, Linda K., Cowger, Christina, Olson, Eric L.
Source:
Theoretical and applied genetics 2017 v.130 no.6 pp. 1123-1133
ISSN:
0040-5752
Subject:
Aegilops tauschii, Blumeria graminis, Triticum aestivum, backcrossing, disease resistance, genes, genetic markers, genetic resistance, genotyping by sequencing, hard white wheat, hexaploidy, introgression, loci, powdery mildew, quantitative trait loci
Abstract:
KEY MESSAGE: A novel powdery mildew-resistance gene, designated Pm58, was introgressed directly from Aegilops tauschii to hexaploid wheat, mapped to chromosome 2DS, and confirmed to be effective under field conditions. Selectable KASP™ markers were developed for MAS. Powdery mildew caused by Blumeria graminis (DC.) f. sp. tritici (Bgt) remains a significant threat to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) production. The rapid breakdown of race-specific resistance to Bgt reinforces the need to identify novel sources of resistance. The D-genome species, Aegilops tauschii, is an excellent source of disease resistance that is transferrable to T. aestivum. The powdery mildew-resistant Ae. tauschii accession TA1662 (2n = 2x = DD) was crossed directly with the susceptible hard white wheat line KS05HW14 (2n = 6x = AABBDD) followed by backcrossing to develop a population of 96 BC₂F₄ introgression lines (ILs). Genotyping-by-sequencing was used to develop a genome-wide genetic map that was anchored to the Ae. tauschii reference genome. A detached-leaf Bgt assay was used to screen BC₂F₄:₆ ILs, and resistance was found to segregate as a single locus (χ = 2.0, P value = 0.157). The resistance gene, referred to as Pm58, mapped to chromosome 2DS. Pm58 was evaluated under field conditions in replicated trials in 2015 and 2016. In both years, a single QTL spanning the Pm58 locus was identified that reduced powdery mildew severity and explained 21% of field variation (P value < 0.01). KASP™ assays were developed from closely linked GBS-SNP markers, a refined genetic map was developed, and four markers that cosegregate with Pm58 were identified. This novel source of powdery mildew-resistance and closely linked genetic markers will support efforts to develop wheat varieties with powdery mildew resistance.
Agid:
5752931