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Fine mapping and candidate gene analysis of qFL-chr1, a fiber length QTL in cotton

Xu, Peng, Gao, Jin, Cao, Zhibin, Chee, Peng W., Guo, Qi, Xu, Zhenzhen, Paterson, Andrew H., Zhang, Xianggui, Shen, Xinlian
Theoretical and applied genetics 2017 v.130 no.6 pp. 1309-1319
1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase, Gossypium barbadense, Gossypium hirsutum, chromosomes, cotton, gene expression, genes, heterozygosity, introgression, microsatellite repeats, phenotype, polymerase chain reaction, quantitative trait loci
KEY MESSAGE: A fiber length QTL, qFL-chr1, was fine mapped to a 0.9 cM interval of cotton chromosome 1. Two positional candidate genes showed positive correlation between gene expression level and fiber length. Prior analysis of a backcross-self mapping population derived from a cross between Gossypium hirsutum L. and G. barbadense L. revealed a QTL on chromosome 1 associated with increased fiber length (qFL-chr1), which was confirmed in three independent populations of near-isogenic introgression lines (NIILs). Here, a single NIIL, R01-40-08, was used to develop a large population segregating for the target region. Twenty-two PCR-based polymorphic markers used to genotype 1672 BC₄F₂ plants identified 432 recombinants containing breakpoints in the target region. Substitution mapping using 141 informative recombinants narrowed the position of qFL-chr1 to a 1.0-cM interval between SSR markers MUSS084 and CIR018. To exclude possible effects of non-target introgressions on fiber length, different heterozygous BC₄F₃ plants introgressed between SSR markers NAU3384 and CGR5144 were selected to develop sub-NILs. The qFL-chr1 was further mapped at 0.9-cM interval between MUSS422 and CIR018 by comparisons of sub-NIL phenotype, and increased fiber length by ~1 mm. The 2.38-Mb region between MUSS422 and CIR018 in G. barbadense contained 19 annotated genes. Expression levels of two of these genes, GOBAR07705 (encoding 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylate synthase) and GOBAR25992 (encoding amino acid permease), were positively correlated with fiber length in a small F₂ population, supporting these genes as candidates for qFL-chr1.