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Genetic Analysis of Norovirus Strains that Caused Gastroenteritis Outbreaks Among River Rafters in the Grand Canyon, Arizona
- Kitajima, Masaaki, Iker, Brandon C., Magill-Collins, Anne, Gaither, Marlene, Stoehr, James D., Gerba, Charles P.
- Food and environmental virology 2017 v.9 no.2 pp. 238-240
- Norovirus, capsid, gastroenteritis, genes, genetic analysis, rivers, sequence analysis, solid wastes, Arizona
- Toilet solid waste samples collected from five outbreaks among rafters in the Grand Canyon were subjected to sequencing analysis of norovirus partial capsid gene. The results revealed that a GI.3 strain was associated with one outbreak, whereas the other outbreaks were caused by GII.5 whose sequences shared >98.9% homology.